A major depressive disorder is one that is in excess for at least two years (clinical depression) and is referred to as dysthymia. Depression is manifested in disruptions of the thought process, a mood disorder, and interfere with such activities feelings of guilt and worthlessness and disruptions in working, eating and sleeping.

Depression occurs as a result of tragic events in one’s life, biochemical imbalances, and genetic factors or a combination of these disorders factors. Other than clinical depression some categories of mental disorders that cause depression are dementia, PTSD, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and Perinatal depression. An individual can have a combination of these disorders. The incidence of depression varies with its cause. For instance, anxiety disorders affect 18″ of the population which affects 40 million adults in the United States.

The treatment of depression includes such psychotherapeutic technics as “talk therapy” or counseling, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), problem-solving therapy, and interpersonal therapy (IPT). Individuals, such as the actor Jim Carey, has suffered from significant depression.

Jim Carey was open about his depression in 2009 and has suffered significant depression most of his life. Presently he has worked through his depression finding that he feels that he is no longer “drowned” by his depression. He has been medically treated with Prozac for his depression.

Carey has grappled with the cause of his depression. Carey, as a child, has had significant emotional problems. He was diagnosed with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is a brain disorder, which is medically treated. As a child, because of ADHD, Carey was not able to focus, pay attention and was continually active and could not sit still. If one looks at Carey’s acting style, it appears to be clear that ADHD may be one basis for his depression. Some professionals have found that an adult with ADHD has a prevalence of depression.

It is long held that those that have chosen the comedic profession may be a mask for depression. Comedy then helped Carey cope with his depression. There is evidence that comedians faced trauma in their childhood. Carey’s childhood faced other difficulties in that he decided to help with his family finances and as a result, he left school when he was fifteen years old. This had the impact of working as an adult, and he lost the companionship of healthy relationships with children his age.

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